Mario Kart 64 is a racing game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo 64. It was released in 1996 in Japan and in 1997 in North America and Europe. On January 26, 2007, Mario Kart 64 was released on Nintendo's European Virtual Console service for the Wii. It was also released on the American service on January 29, 2007 and in Japan on January 30, 2007.

Mario Kart 64 is the sequel to Super Mario Kart for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Changes from the original include the move to 3D computer graphics and the inclusion of four player support. Players take control of characters from the Mario universe, who race around a variety of tracks with items that can either harm an opponent or aid the user. The move to three dimensional graphics allowed for track features not possible with the original game's Mode 7 graphics, such as changes in elevation, bridges, walls and pits. However, the characters and items remained 2D pre-rendered sprites.

Music for the game was composed by Kenta Nagata. The introduction music for Mario Kart 64, which is loosely based on the original Super Mario Kart theme tune, was remixed and used in the music video game Dance Dance Revolution: Mario Mix for the Nintendo GameCube. The game was one of the best sellers and had sold millions of copies.


There are four forms of play in the game, Grand Prix, Time Trial, Versus, and Battle. There are also eight playable characters, Mario, Luigi, Bowser, Princess Peach, Wario, Yoshi, Toad, and Donkey Kong. They vary in weight, speed, and acceleration. There are also 16 tracks that are based on different locations seen in Mario games. Each track has a unique shape, and can contain various obstacles, hazards, and short cuts. All eight characters participate in each race. Up to four of them can be playable characters, while the rest are computer controlled for one or two player races, three and four player races feature no computer controlled racers.

On a track, various actions can be performed to change the flow of a race. Items can be acquired by hitting an item box. The items' uses include acting as projectiles to impede opponents, speed up the user, or stop opponents through the placement of bananas and fake pling plings. However, AI-controlled racers do not use any kind of shell. One can earn a small turbo boost through obtained pling plings, and also by drifting, which one can perform by hopping and tilting the control stick in the direction of the turn, allowing for speedier turns. There is also an advanced drift technique that allows players to turn against the direction of their drift for a speed boost.[1]

In Grand Prix mode, one or two human players compete against computer players in a tournament composed of races on four individual courses, arranged in four-course cups. For each race, points are awarded based on placement, and at the end, the winner is decided on the number of points accumulated. Difficulty level is measured by engine size, 50, 100 or 150 cc. There is also an unlockable difficulty called 'EXTRA', allowing players to race on mirrored tracks. Time trial allows a player to race around any track in the game, either by themselves, or racing a 'ghost' of a previous run, attempting to improve their time. If the player is racing with a ghost, this phantom player mimics the motions and time of the last personal record run. Versus entails two to four players racing head-to-head in a single all-human race, on any course. This mode is identical to Grand Prix, without AI players, but with the added obstacles of moving bombs placed sporadically around the track. Battle mode pits two to four players against one another in one of four available battle courses. These courses are separate from the race courses, and are suited for more combat-oriented gameplay. Each player begins with three balloons attached to their kart. When damaged, a player will lose one of their balloons. When all of the balloons on a kart are gone, the player is eliminated, in the case of a one-on-one match, or turned into a bomb on wheels, able to crash into any living player and cause damage, a single time until the match ends. The winner is the last kart to survive the battle.

The game is compatible with the N64 Controller Pak, but only to save track ghosts in the Time Trial mode, which require 121 pages, almost the entire standard controller pak. All other data is stored in-cartridge.


In Mario Kart 64, the player(s) can choose any one of eight unique characters to operate their kart. Koopa Troopa and Donkey Kong Junior, both of whom appeared in Super Mario Kart, did not return for Mario Kart 64, and were replaced by Donkey Kong and Wario. In pre-release screenshots, a Magikoopa was playable, but before the game's final release the Magikoopa was replaced by Donkey Kong.

The characters are divided into three categories. The 'Lightweights' include Peach, Yoshi and Toad. These characters are favored for their quick acceleration. The 'Heavyweights' include Wario, Bowser, and Donkey Kong. These characters are favored for their responsive steering. The 'Middleweights', Mario and Luigi, are balanced characters.


  • Reappears in Mario Kart DS

+Reappears in Mario Kart Wii

Mushroom Cup Luigi Raceway Moo Moo Farm* Koopa Troopa Beach Kalamari Desert

Flower Cup Toad's Turnpike Frappe Snowland* Choco Mountain* Mario Raceway+

Star Cup Wario Stadium Sherbet Land+ Royal Raceway Bowser Castle+

Special Cup DK's Jungle Parkway+ Yoshi Valley Banshee Boardwalk* Rainbow Road


Production of the game began in 1995 under its original title Super Mario Kart R,[1] and was intended to be a launch game for the Nintendo 64, but more resources were given to Super Mario 64Template:'s development.[2] An early prototype of the game was showcased at the Shoshinkai Software Exhibition on November 24, 1995.[3] The prototype featured the Feather item from Super Mario Kart and a Magikoopa as one of the eight playable characters, who was replaced with Donkey Kong in the final game.[1][4]

The player's driving controls were designed to be similar to operating a radio-controlled car.[5] While Mario Kart 64 features tracks that are fully rendered in 3D, the game uses billboarding to display the characters and items. Game director Hideki Konno stated that, while rendering the characters in 3D was not impossible, the limited processing power of the console would not have allowed all eight characters to appear on the screen at once. Instead, the characters are made up of pre-rendered sprites that show the characters from various angles to simulate a 3D appearance.[2] Rare Ltd., developer of the Donkey Kong Country games, provided Donkey Kong's character model.[6]

While rubberband AI was used to prevent all the racers from easily separating, the Blue Spiny Shell item, which targets and attacks the player in first place, was added in order to keep each race competitive and balanced. The item was included in all subsequent Mario Kart games.[7]

Music and Soundtrack

The soundtrack for Mario Kart 64 was composed by Kenta Nagata, which was his first work on a Nintendo game.[8] The game's soundtrack was released several times in different formats including compact disc and audio cassette.[9] Four different versions of the album were released: Race Tracks and Greatest Hits Soundtrack in North America; Original Soundtrack and Club Circuit were released in Japan. It was later released in a three disc collection, along with the soundtracks of Star Fox 64 and Super Mario 64.[10]

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